Hidden Violence: How COVID-19 School Closures Reduced the Reporting of Child Maltreatment
Keywords:Child maltreatment, Domestic Violence, COVID-19, School closures
This study examines how school closures during the COVID-19 pandemic affected the reporting of child maltreatment in Mexico City. We use a rich panel dataset on incident-level crime reports and victim characteristics and exploit the differential effects between school-age children and older individuals. While financial and mental distress due to the COVID-19 pandemic may result in additional cases of child maltreatment, synthetic control and difference-in-differences estimations document an average reduction in child maltreatment reports of 29% and 30%, respectively, with larger reductions among females and in higher-poverty municipalities. These results highlight the important role education professionals in school settings play in the early detection and reporting of domestic violence against school-age children.
Abadie, A., Diamond, A., & Hainmueller, J. (2010). Synthetic control methods for comparative case studies: Estimating the effect of Californiaâ€™s tobacco control program. Journal of the American statistical Association, 105(490), 493â€“505.
AgÃ¼ero, J. M. (2020). COVID-19 and the rise of intimate partner violence. World development, 137, 105â€“217.
Baron, E. J., Goldstein, E. G., & Wallace, C. T. (2020). Suffering in silence: How COVID-19 school closures inhibit the reporting of child maltreatment. Available at SSRN 3601399.
Beland, L.-P., Brodeur, A., Haddad, J., & Mikola, D. (2020). COVID-19, family stress and domestic violence: Remote work, isolation, and bargaining power (Tech. Rep.). GLO
Boserup, B., McKenney, M., & Elkbuli, A. (2020). Alarming trends in US domestic violence during the COVID-19 pandemic. The American Journal of Emergency Medicine, 38(12), 2753â€“2755.
Carrell, S. E., Hoekstra, M., & Kuka, E. (2018). The long-run effects of disruptive peers. American Economic Review, 108(11), 3377â€“3415.
Correia, S., Guimaraes, P., & Zylkin, T. (2020). Fast Poisson estimation with high-dimensional fixed-effects. The Stata Journal, 20(1), 95â€“115.
Cunradi, C. B., Mair, C., Ponicki, W., & Remer, L. (2011). Alcohol outlets, neighborhood characteristics, and intimate partner violence: ecological analysis of a California city. Journal of Urban Health, 88(2), 191â€“200.
Currie, J., & Spatz Widom, C. (2010). Long-term consequences of child abuse and neglect on adult economic well-being. Child maltreatment, 15(2), 111â€“120.
Currie, J., & Tekin, E. (2012). Understanding the cycle childhood maltreatment and future crime. Journal of Human Resources, 47(2), 509â€“549.
Fitzpatrick, M. D., Benson, C., & Bondurant, S. R. (2020). Beyond reading, writing, and arithmetic: The role of teachers and schools in reporting child maltreatment (Tech. Rep.). National Bureau of Economic Research.
Leslie, E., & Wilson, R. (2020). Sheltering in place and domestic violence: Evidence from calls for service during COVID-19. Available at SSRN 3600646.
Lindo, J. M., Schaller, J., & Hansen, B. (2018). Caution! Men not at work: Gender-specific labor market conditions and child maltreatment. Journal of Public Economics, 163, 77â€“98.
Peterman, A., Potts, A., Oâ€™Donnell, M., Thompson, K., Shah, N., Oertelt-Prigione, S., & van Gelder, N. (2020). Pandemics and violence against women and children (Working Paper No. 528). Center for Global Development.
Ravindran, S., & Shah, M. (2020). Unintended consequences of lockdowns: COVID-19 and the shadow pandemic (Tech. Rep.). National Bureau of Economic Research.
Silverio-Murillo, A., & de la Miyar, J. R. B. (2020). Families under confinement: COVID-19, domestic violence, and alcohol consumption (Working Paper Series No. Forthcoming).Andrew Young School of Policy Studies.
Stephens-Davidowitz, S. (2013). Unreported victims of an economic downturn. (Unpublished Manuscript. Retrieved from: https://static1.squarespace.com/static/51d894bee4b01caf88ccb4f3/t/51e22f38e4b0502fe211fab7/1373777720363/childabusepaper13.pdf)
Vanderminden, J., Hamby, S., David-Ferdon, C., Kacha-Ochana, A., Merrick, M., Simon, T. R., ... Turner, H. (2019). Rates of neglect in a national sample: Child and family characteristics and psychological impact. Child abuse & neglect, 88, 256â€“265.
Zielinski, D. S. (2009). Child maltreatment and adult socioeconomic well-being. Child abuse& neglect, 33(10), 666â€“678.
Copyright (c) 2020 Francisco Cabrera-HernÃ¡ndez , MarÃa Padilla-Romo
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
LAER Copyright and License
Authors submitting articles to Latin American Economic Review (LAER), automatically grant this journal a license to publish. Copyright of all published material remains with the authors, who can reuse it in future work without needing to make reference toÂ LAER. Similarly, any other contribution of material to the website (for example text, photographs, graphics, video or audio) automatically grants us a right to publish. Copyright, however, remains with the author(s).
Authors release their work under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). This license allows anyone to copy, distribute and transmit the work, provided the use has no derivatives, is non-commercial and appropriate credit to the author(s) is given. (If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you may not distribute the modified material.)
A human-readable summary of the licence:
Full legal text: